Windows backup settings and restore method


Differences in backup functions implemented by Windows and how to set them

In preparation for unforeseen circumstances, Windows implements a practical backup function that can roll back system and user files, and a repair and initialization function that eliminates problems.

Microsoft Support: Windows Recovery Options


System restore
Use the restore point to roll back to the past state.
Backup and restore

Back up system image files and user files.
Save the file change history and roll back user data to a past state.
Back up the specified folder / file to online storage.
List of apps
Remember and restore apps installed from the Microsoft Store.
My settings
Passwords and Windows settings can be stored in the cloud and synced between devices.
System Repair Disk/Recovery Drive
Restore from a system restore point or system image when Windows fails to boot.

Backup has system and user files,System restore-Creating a system image-backup The Image fileIt is saved in.


Image files are archived (saved) as a single file while preserving the structure of drives and folders, and a dedicated tool is required to restore them.

System restore

System restore is a function that creates a restoreable point when major changes are made to the system, such as Windows updates and app/driver installations. state can be restored.

It used to be enabled by default, but is now disabled in Windows 10/11.
The restore point is stored on the drive you want to monitor (protect), so if you want to roll back using the restore point, make sure Windows is booting normally.Emergency repair disk/ Recovery drive Is necessary.


If you want to enable system protection Configuration Of System From Windows 11 version information, Windows 10 Detailed information Select,Related Links In (Related Settings) System protection Click System propertiesopen.

Version information (detailed information) is WIN key + Pause/Break key Open with.


Protection settings Is disabled, so the drive you want to protect (monitor) (usually C drive)Select and click "Configure".


Restore settingsEnable system protection Check the box.


Disk space usage After setting the disk space used for the restore point in, click "OK" to confirm.

The default value for Windows 11 is 2 % , Windows 10 15 % .

Create restore point

System protection When enabled, when system changes are made to the target drive, automatically Restore point Is created.


If you want to create a restore point manually System properties Of System protection Click "Create" on the tab.


Enter the name of the restore point you want to create and execute "Create".

Delete restore point

The restore point created is Disk space usage Old restore points are deleted within the capacity set in , and new restore points are added.

You can't save specific restore points or save restore points to other drives, so if you want to restore to a specific state Create a system image Save the backup file with.

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Restore from restore point System properties It is in System restore If you run fromSystem recovery option Run from.


Windows 11 Configuration Of System から Reply Select Customize your PC boot "Restart Now".


Windows 10 is a setting Updates and security から Reply Select Customize your PC boot Click "Restart Now".


When you restart System recovery optionBecause it becomes the selection screen of trouble shooting choose.


Advanced options choose.


System restore choose.


The setup wizard will start, so click "Next".


Select the point of the system you want to restore and under "Detect Affected Programs" Programs / drivers to be removedRestored programs/drivers Confirm and click "Next".

A restore point does not roll back your entire system, it applies to drivers and programs that have changed.Using old restore points can be inconsistent and cause problems with existing apps and hardware..


Click "Finish".


A dialog will be displayed, so click "Yes" to execute the restore.


When the restoration is completed, click "Restart" to complete.

Backup and Restore (Windows 7)

Backup and Restore (Windows 7) Is the current version of Windows, installed apps, etc. System image And any User file A feature implemented in Windows 7 that runs backups on a set schedule.


backupThe setting of コ ン ト ロ ー ル パ ネ ル Of System and security から Backup and Restore (Windows 7) Select Backup settings Click

The control panel WIN keyPress Control After entering Enter key Open with.


Specify the save destination of the backup file.

When saving to a drive on the network such as NAS, enter the credentials from "Save to network" and set.


To specify the backup target Choose for yourself change to.


By default Library Is the target of backup, so specify another folder to back up.


System image Backup is enabled, so the default setting is "Next".


Schedule After setting the timing to execute the backup with, the backup process starts with "Save the settings and execute the backup".

The image file is  WindowsImageBackup It is overwritten in the folder and the user file is saved. Computer name backup fileThe data changed to is backed up differentially.


If you don't need a schedule, go to the left sidebar Disable schedule Click to switch to manual.

Delete settings

Backup and Restore (Windows 7) Can stop the schedule, but there is no function to delete the setting itself,Not setIf you want to return to the state of, you need to edit the registry.


Run Open (WIN + R) regedit To launch the Registry Editor.


When the User Account Control dialog is displayed, click "Yes" to allow.


Enter the following address in the address bar Windows Backup open.

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE \ SOFTWARE \ Microsoft \ Windows \ CurrentVersion \ WindowsBackup


Windows BackupIn Disable Monitoring-ValidConfig ValidConfig-Windows Backup Version Select from the context menu (right-click menu) Delete .


A dialog will be displayed, so click "Yes" to execute.


Windows BackupNested in folders ScheduleParams-Security-Status If you delete the folder and close the registry editor, the backup will return to the unconfigured state.

Windows Backup If you delete a folder, you will not be able to set up a backup.
Creating a system image

If you want to restore the system to a specific state Creating a system imageCreate only the system image with.


System imageIf you want to create Backup and Restore (Windows 7) From the left sidebar of Creating a system image Click


Save the backup file hard disk-optical drive-On the network location From, specify the storage that has free space equal to or larger than the usage of C drive.

When using a DVD-R, write it by dividing it into multiple sheets.


By default, the C drive where Windows is installed and other drives used by the system are selected, so the default setting is usually "Next".

If you have installed the app on a drive other than the C drive, or if you have moved folders used by Windows such as desktops, documents, pictures, and videos, select the target drive as well.


The disk space used by the backup file is displayed, so check it and execute the process with "Start Backup".


After backup is complete Create a system repair disc Dialog is displayed, and if you select "Yes", Create a system repair disc Wizard starts.

Emergency repair disk Can only be used with a CD / DVD, if a writable CD / DVD drive is not installed Creating a recovery drive To use.

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Backup and Restore (Windows 7) Of 復 元 The restoration method differs between the system image and user data.

User data

Since the backup of user data is version controlled, roll back by specifying the date of the backup file.


Restoration of user data コ ン ト ロ ー ル パ ネ ル Of System and security から Backup and Restore (Windows 7) Select 復 元 Click "Restore Files" in.


By default, it is rolled back from the latest backup file, so if you want to restore from an old backup file Select another date Specified from.


Click "Browse Files" to restore a single file, or "Browse Folders" to restore by folder to display the backup folder. Specify the file / folder to restore and click "Next".


Specify the location to restore and execute the process with "Restore".

Original location If you restore to, a dialog will be displayed about the processing of the file with the same name.Overwrite-Do not copy-Keep both files Select from.
System image

System image recovery System recovery option Run from.

In case the restore fails  復 元 Before running Emergency repair diskOr Recovery driveIs created.


Windows 11 Configuration Of System から Reply Select Customize your PC boot "Restart Now", Windows 10 in Settings Updates and security から Reply Select Customize your PC boot Click "Restart Now".


When you restart System recovery optionBecause it becomes the selection screen of trouble shooting choose.


Advanced options choose.


Show other repair options Click


If the backup file is saved on the local drive, the latest image is automatically recognized, so click "Next".

If the image file is saved to a DVD or network, or if you want to restore using a different image Select a system image Check "Next".


If the image file is saved on the network, access it from "Detailed Settings" and specify the image file.


To restore to the same drive as the backup image Other restoration methods Skip with "Next".


A dialog will be displayed, so click "Yes" to execute the process.


When the restoration is completed, click "Restart" to complete.


Windows 10/11 backup The User file change history Can be saved and rolled back to the file at the specified point in time.

Cannot be set if the PC has only C drive.
Windows 10

For Windows 10 backup, you can select the backup target folder,Configuration Of Updates and security It is in backup Set from.


backup Open the setting screen of Add drive Click and select the drive where you want to save the backup file from the list.

Internal HDD, external HDD, network drive, USB memory (8 GB or more) other than C drive can be used as the save destination drive, but if the folder of the library such as desktop, download, document is moved to other than C drive The destination drive is excluded from the backup destination drive.


Other options Click


Set the backup execution interval and backup file retention period.

Even if you set the backup to 10 minutes, the backup does not keep the file every 10 minutes, and the history is not updated if the file does not change.


Folder to be backed up You can add folders to be backed up from Add Folders in, and exclude folders that are backed up by default with "Extract".


When changing the backup destination disk Backup to another drive You can click "Stop using drive" and set it again from the backup save drive selection.

Drive decommissioning Cannot be used unless the backup is valid.


After setting the backup, execute the first backup with "Backup Now".

To backup destination File History A folder is created.
Windows 11

Windows 11 Configuration から backup The item has been deleted, and the function has been improved, such as the backup target folder cannot be changed.


If you want to enable file history backup in Windows 11 コ ン ト ロ ー ル パ ネ ル Of System and security から File history choose.


The backup destination drive is automatically selected, so if you want to change it, go to the left sidebar. Drive selection Specify the save destination drive from.


The interval between backups and the retention period of backup files Advanced Setting Edit with.


Backup is on C drive User folderIs the target,Folders to exclude Then. Library You can add camera rolls, documents, pictures, videos, music, and saved photos to exclude them from backup.

Video files protected by DRM cannot be backed up.


After setting, "Turn on" will execute the first backup, and then the differential backup will be executed at the set interval.

If you delete the FileHistory folder

Created after setting up backup File History When deleting a folder, the drive specified as the backup destination is lost and an error occurs.


The drive will get an unknown error and you will get regular notifications about reconnecting the drive.

Turning off file history does not eliminate the error.


To eliminate the error Select another drive Change the backup destination from.


If there is no backup destination to change, enter the following address in the address bar of File Explorer and it will be in the folder. File History Delete the folder.

C: \ Users \ micro \ AppData \ Local \ Microsoft \ Windows

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Restoration from file history is for both Windows 10/11 コ ン ト ロ ー ル パ ネ ル Of File history Run from.


コ ン ト ロ ー ル パ ネ ル Of System and security から File history Open and on the left sidebar Restoring personal files Click


The saved file history is displayed. Use | ◀ ▶ | to move to any date, select the file to restore, and then use the rotation arrow icon to restore.

Restoration can be done on a folder-by-folder basis or as a single file.


OneDrive backup function desktop-document-Photo folderMove to the OneDrive folder and sync with online storage, and the synced files can be rolled back from the version history.


How to use the web version of OneDrive

OneDrive, a standard Windows online storage service that implements the album function, is an online storage service provided by Microsoft, and Windows 8.1 or later is available on Windows […].


When performing backup on multiple devices, all devices are "synchronized"Therefore, the data in the desktop and document folders of the device set for backup will be mixed (integrated).

List of apps / My settings

List of appsMy settings The Microsoft account The data associated with is not available when using an offline account.


Windows 11 is in the settings account Windows backup You can turn sync on/off with .

Microsoft accountBackup is enabled by default if you are logged into Windows at .


Windows 10 Configuration Of Account It is in Settings synchronization can be switched on/off.

To Windows 10 settings Remember the app There is no corresponding item, and the Microsoft Store stores the installation history by default.
List of apps

Microsoft store Apps installed from the Microsoft Store LibraryYou can install apps from libraries in the Microsoft Store by registering with and using the same Microsoft account.

List of apps Is a Microsoft Store installation history that does not back up apps installed on your device.
If you need a backup of your installed apps System image To create.
My settings

My settings are synchronized with language settings and some Windows settings.

System Repair Disc/Recovery Drive

Emergency repair disk Is a boot disk using a CD / DVD,Recovery drive Is a boot drive that uses a USB stick and is stored on your PC if Windows fails and does not boot. System restore point , System image You can access and perform a restore.


Emergency repair disk / Recovery drive When booting from System recovery optionOpens.

restoreTo System restore point, System imageIs required,Emergency repair disk / Recovery driveIt cannot be restored just by itself.

Creating an Emergency Repair Disk

The data size contained in the boot disk is 200 MB or less,Emergency repair disk Only CD / DVD can be used with.

If you don't have a writable CD / DVD drive Recovery driveTo create.


Emergency repair disk  コ ン ト ロ ー ル パ ネ ル Of System and security から Backup and Restore (Windows 7) Select Creating an Emergency Repair Disk Click


Insert a blank disc into the drive and click "Burn Disc" to start writing.

Creating a recovery drive

Recovery drive Emergency repair disk With an extension of Emergency repair disk In addition to the features included in, Windows can be reinstalled.


Creating a recovery drive コ ン ト ロ ー ル パ ネ ル Of System and security It is in Security and maintenance Open Reply Click, and when the User Account Control dialog is displayed, click "Yes" to allow.


Back up system files to recovery drive..Check "Next".

Backing up system files requires 11 GB of USB memory on Windows 16 and 10 GB or more on Windows 8.


Creating a recovery drive Click to start the setup wizard.

Backup and Recovery 023

The data stored on your USB stick will be deleted and a repair drive containing the system files will be created.

Recovery disk system files are not restored like image disks,Recover from drive Will delete all personal files and apps.

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